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The death of #Jugoslavia

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One of the best series ever made. #wars #borders #jugoslavia #documentaries
It’s a BBC doc series broadcasted in 1995

1 Enter Nationalis
After the death of Josip Broz Tito, rising nationalism gets Yugoslavia in its grips. This is exacerbated after Slobodan Milošević takes power in Serbia and turns against the Kosovar Albanians.

2 The Road to War
In April 1990, Croatia holds its first free parliamentary election. Ethnic Serbs in Croatia feel threatened by the nationalist tone of Croatia’s newly elected President Franjo Tuđman and they begin a Log Revolution in August 1990. On 19 May 1991, Croatia holds an independence referendum, which is approved by a wide majority. The Battle of Vukovar of August 1991 is the first major battle in the Croatian War of Independence.

3 Wars of Independence
Slovenia and Croatia soon declare their independence and ask for international recognition. But Belgrade (the capital of both Serbia and Yugoslavia) does not see it this way because it soon means the collapse of Yugoslavia.

4 The Gates of Hell
After the war between Serbia and Croatia ends with the signing of an agreement, Serbia involves itself in Bosnia where a lot of things are at stake. Here begins the longest and the most tragic part of the conflict.

5 A Safe Area
As the situation in Bosnia worsens, there is further conflict between the Serb and Bosnian forces. There is increasing UN involvement and NATO begin to step in. The Bosnians and Croats reach an agreement mediated by the UN whilst another UN agreement falls through, despite being signed by all parties. The suffering and persecution of Bosnian Muslims by Serb forces is featured.

6
Pax Americana

DISPLACED

adjective
1.
lacking a home, country, etc.
2.
moved or put out of the usual or proper place.
noun
3.
(used with a plural verb) persons who lack a home, as through political exile, destruction of their previous shelter, or lack of financial resources (usually preceded by the):
After the earthquake, the displaced were temporarily housed in armories.

This is my land – #Hebron #Israel #westbank #documentary

Giulia Amati & Stephen Natanson (Italy 2010, 72 min.)

Giulia Amati & Stephen Natanson (Italy 2010, 72 min.)

Hebron is the largest city in the middle of the occupied West Bank, 30 kilometers south of Jerusalem. It was famous throughout the Middle East as a market place where the caravans would stop between Damascus and Egypt. Hebron is also famous as a holy city, a place of pilgrimage for the Jews, Christians and Muslims because Abraham, the forefather of the three most important monotheistic religions, is buried there.

In 1967, after the Six-Day War and Israel’s dramatic military victory, 30 Israelis decided to settle in the city to reclaim what they considered an important part of the Promised Land. It was one of the first Israeli settlements and the only one right in the heart of a Palestinian city. Hebron is now home to 160,000 Palestinians, a colony of 600 Israeli settlers who live in the city center and a garrison of more than 2,000 Israeli soldiers to defend them.

On April 4th 1968 Rabbi Moshe Levinger led a group of Jews pretending to be Swiss tourists into the Arab Park Hotel in the old city of Hebron. Two days later they seized control of the Hotel saying they have come to reestablish Hebron’s historic Jewish community. In 1970 the government agreed to allow Rabbi Levinger’s group to establish a town on the outskirts of the city in an abandoned military base at Kiryat Arba. In 1979, Levinger’s wife Miriam led 40 Jewish women and children from Kiryat Arba back into the old city to take over the former Hadassah Hospital which became the first Jewish settlement in downtown Hebron. Today in Hebron there are four Israeli settlements consisting of small clusters of buildings housing 86 families.

In 1994 Baruck Goldstein, an immigrant settler from Brooklyn shot dead 29 Palestinians praying at dawn in the Ibrahimi Mosque, in the heart of the old city of Hebron. Fearing Palestinian retaliation, the Israeli army employed a policy to protect the settlers based on the “principle of separation.” Areas around the settlements were “sterilized”, meaning they were completely off limits to Palestinians. Al Shuhada Street and the Vegetable Market, formerly the main commercial centre of Hebron were shut down and hundreds of Palestinian shopkeepers evicted. What was a temporary measure to avoid conflict became a permanent one. Once a bustling hub of activity, the city center now resembles a ghost town.

It’s a war between neighbors where the main goal is to conquer one more meter of the city, keep the enemy at bay or simply stand one’s ground. Kicking, cursing, spitting, stone throwing and abuse are part of the daily routine. Children, women and the army participate in this daily struggle.

Today Hebron is a city of violence and hate.

Giulia Amati & Stephen Natanson

Film’s website: http://www.thisismylandhebron.com
Available from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A5kfE5uDEBY (Italian subtitles)
And as Amazon instant video (for those of you who are based in the USA): http://www.amazon.com/This-Land-Hebron-Giulia-Amati/dp/B0080RFNNY/ref=sr_1_fkmr0_2?ie=UTF8&qid=1408437592&sr=8-2-fkmr0&keywords=this+is+my+land+…+hebron